The Scottsboro Trials were among the most infamous episodes of legal injustice in the Jim Crow South. Bridges, the Scottsboro doctor who examined the girls less than two hours after the alleged rapes, was the next prosecution witness to take the stand.
To cut the trials down to size, he made it as difficult as possible for reporters to do their job, refused to ask for troops to protect the defendants or their attorneys, and set three days as a goal for completing each trial.
Jack Tiller, another white, said he had had sex with Price, two days before the alleged rapes. Alabama that the Scottsboro defendants had been denied the right to counsel, which violated their right to due process under the 14th Amendment.
The case was tried solely on the basis of the testimony of the two white girls. He described himself as a patriot, a "Roosevelt Democrat", who had served the " Stars and Stripes " in World War I, "when there was no talk of Jew or Gentile, white or black. Weems was eventually patrolled inhaving spent twelve years of his life in prison for a crime he probably did not commit.
Rape charges were dropped against Powell, but he was convicted of assaulting the deputy sheriff and sentenced to 20 years.
Prominent writers of the time, such as Ida B. That is when it becomes discrimination and racism that has a stamp of approval from the people that are supposed to be protecting the minority.
Knight questioned them extensively about instances in which their testimony supposedly differed from their testimony at their trial in Scottsboro. The decision of Judge James Horton to set aside the conviction of Haywood Patterson, despite the dire consequences that decision would have for his own career, was heroism, pure and simple.
For the five Scottsboro Boys left in Alabama, they had a new demon with which to contend. Leibowitz called John Sanford, an African-American of Scottsboro, who was educated, well-spoken, and respected. Dallas Ramsey, a Chattanooga resident, testified that he saw Price in the hobo jungle she denied ever having visited.
September Charlie Weems is paroled. At the trial, some reporters were seated at the press tables. Leibowitz led the four from the jail to an awaiting car, and with an escort of state troopers they were driven to the Tennessee border.
Additional Resources Acker, James R. They expressed a willingness to have all nine defendants tried together, despite the prejudice such a trial might cause to Roy Wrightfor example, who at age 12 was the youngest of the nine Scottsboro Boys. Having reviewed the evidence and met privately with one of the medical examiners, Judge Horton suspended the death sentence and granted Patterson a new trial.
A mistrial was declared, and Leroy Wright would remain in prison until awaiting the final verdict on his co-defendants. For tickets, visit Phoenix Theatre.
April 19th 82 years after they were wrongly accused, the Governor of Alabama signs a formal resolution which exonerates the Scottsboro Boys.
Unsurprisingly, the motion to quash the indictment was denied. But even with her testimony and evidence from the initial medical examination of the women that refuted the rape charge, another all-white jury convicted the first defendant, Patterson, and recommended the death penalty.
January 23rd Clarence Norris, the last of the Scottsboro Boys, dies, aged The participation of the Communist-affiliated group significantly intensified the already charged atmosphere in Alabama and around the nation.
In the years since their arrests, these nine boys have changed lives, sparked movements and altered the course of history. According to Clarence Norris, Powell was never the same again.
The issue of composition of the jury was addressed in a second landmark decision by the U. The trials are conducted in front of an all-white audience and it takes just three days for the jury to reach a conclusion.
Woodall said that he had, and that the boy said he had taken it "off the white girl, Victoria Price. Supreme Court, which ruled that race could not be used to exclude anyone from candidacy for participation on a jury anywhere in the United States.
Charlie Weems was paroled in ; Clarence Norris and Andy Wright were paroled a year later but both were sent back to prison shortly thereafter for violating the terms of their probation; Ozzie Powell was paroled in ; Haywood Patterson escaped from prison in January 23rd Haywood Patterson is convicted for a fourth time and is sentenced to 75 years in prison - the first time in Alabama that a black man convicted of raping a white woman had avoided the death sentence.
Anderson dissented, agreeing with the defense in many of its motions. July 7th The Alabama Supreme Court issues indefinite stays of executions three days before the boys were due to be executed. Rape was a politically explosive charge in the South, and the NAACP was concerned about damage to its effectiveness that might result if it turned out some or all of the Boys were guilty.
The cross-examination of Victoria Price lasted only minutes, while examining doctors R. However, the boys ended up placing their lives in the hands of the Communists, who were and still are in many instances as despised as much as a gang of black rapists of white women.
What happened to the 'Scottsboro Boys'? Ask if there are any questions, then give the students the lesson's printable worksheet to assess their understanding of the concept. Check the answers as a. The Scottsboro Boys is a staged musical portrayal of the Scottsboro case.
The show premiered Off Broadway in February  and moved to Broadway's Lyceum Theatre in October The show received good reviews, but.
The First Scottsboro Trials (April, ) Victoria Price and Ruby Bates Hollace Ransdell was a young teacher, journalist, economist, and activist asked by ACLU officials to go to Alabama to investigate and report on the controversial trials of the Scottsboro Boys that had just taken place.
Scottsboro Boys Summary In the yearall nine of the Scottsboro boys Haywood Patterson, Charles Weems, Clarence Norris, Andy Wright, Ozzie Powell, Olen Montgomery, Eugene Williams, Willie Roberson, and Roy Wright are arrested and tried on charges of. STORIES OF SCOTTSBORO is a study of one of the most famous incidents in recent American history which garnered much attention not only in the United States but also abroad, coming to symbolize for.
Hollace Ransdell was a young teacher, journalist, economist, and activist asked by ACLU officials to go to Alabama to investigate and report on the controversial trials of the Scottsboro Boys that had just taken place.A study of the scottsboro boys